Restoration of motor function, development and prevention of joint contractures of patients with the consequences of traumas and diseases of various etiologies, in a virtual environment using biofeedback, allowing to ensure the intensity of the rehabilitation process.
Authors: Stern V.P.
Institutions: Hospital for War Veterans № 1, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
The purpose of the study:
Restoration of motor function, elaboration and prevention of joint contractures for patients with the consequences of traumas and diseases of different etiologies, in virtual environment with the use of biofeedback allowing to provide the intensity of rehabilitation process.
Materials and methods:
Consequences of cerebral blood flow acute disturbances (CBFAD) – tetraparesis. Diseases of motor motoneuron – tetraparesis. Consequences of limb injuries – joint contractures.
Selection of patients was based on the study of patient histories (anamnesis, clinical and laboratory data, assessment scales Rivermead, Ashworth, Renkin, FIM), examination of the patient, determining contraindications, determining the volume of motor deficit. The age range is from 28 to 63 years. Consequences of CBFAD: 6 patients. Spinal spinal cord injury – tetraparesis: 3 patients. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis – tetraparesis: 1 patient. Consequences of limb injuries: 2 patients.
Patients were treated according to OMS standard (therapeutic physical training, physiotherapy, mechanotherapy, robotic mechanotherapy). Training at Habilect was an addition to the standard. Patients with CBFAD consequences received 3 training sessions per week. Spinal spinal cord injury and Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients – 4 trainings (2 for upper and lower limbs). Patients with trauma consequences received 3 training sessions per week.
Results and discussions:
Training with the use of virtual biofeedback on the basis of “Habilect” is an effective method of rehabilitation, contributing to the improvement of motor function of the limbs in patients who have suffered a stroke, spinal cord injury, limb injuries, motor motoneuron disease, joint disease. The use of virtual game training improves the psycho-emotional state of patients. This method can be a useful addition to traditional rehabilitation.
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